However, it makes the connection between people and the overall enabling environment that influences the outcomes of livelihood strategies. Appreciative inquiry is a highly inclusive process that maximizes the positive (as opposed to minimizing the negative) in which a community takes responsibility for generating and gathering information and then forms strategies based on the most positive experiences of the past. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource-based activities, nonnatural resource-based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensification versus diversification, and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. in the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach, and in development work which aims to reduce the elements of vulnerability that are a result of poverty. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. The SL approach has had a considerable influence upon the policies and strategies of a number of development agencies, notably the UK's Department for International Development (DFID), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and many non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The sustainable livelihoods approach encourages thinking out of the box. This paper addresses the question of whether sustainable livelihood approaches have value at the level of overall policy on poverty reduction, and specifically addresses to what extent the approach might be used in support of poverty reduction strategy papers. The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). It represents an important shift away from the focus on project inputs and outputs and the assumed mechanical links between them. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) and the Basic Needs Approach (BNA) make up the theoretical framework that is going to underpin this study. Analysis and intervention in the SL approach is holistic and cuts across individual sectors, reflecting diversity in the livelihoods of poor people. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The opinions expressed in this chapter are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its Board of Directors, or the countries they represent. Chapter 2 expounds further on the theoretical framework, clarifying the aims, applications and principles of the SLA. Of the various components of a livelihood, the most complex is the portfolio Sustainable and adaptive livelihood is an approach and effort to go beyond conventional practices. It compels them to look for multiple entry points and to move beyond a homogenous “community” view and a narrow sectoral perspective. This approach is unique since individual approach is a contributing factor to these women being poor. Chapter 3 paints the However, unlike other approaches that use the five capital assets such as utilized by Zurich Insurance Group, Ltd and the IFRC, the HLRA goes farther to help visualize the results and identify specific actions to build resilience. Livelihoods are self-directing. (One of the many problems of development is that projects and programs, while favoring some, can disadvantage others.2) Potential livelihood outcomes can include more income, increased well-being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security, more sustainable use of the natural resource base, and recovered human dignity, between which there may again also be conflict. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. It must also be made appropriate to local circumstances and local priorities. It frees development practitioners from conventional approaches that are often restricted to identifying problems and finding solutions. Fig. Financial capital tends to be the least available livelihood asset of the poor. Cite as. Processes are important to every aspect of livelihoods. It brings attention to bear on the inherent potential of people in terms of their skills, social networks, access to physical and financial resources, and ability to influence core institutions. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Knowledge Solutions It is an important step in opening up the dialogue on the “livelihood approach” and how DFID personnel and others can work to promote this in their day-to-day operations. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 IGO license ( which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the Asian Development Bank, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made. 7.2.1 The Basic Needs Approach It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. It does not replace other tools, such as participatory development, sector … It helps formulate development December,, The vulnerability context includes, ADB (2004) Future solutions now—the tonle sap initiative. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … Conducted in partnership with the public and private sectors. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Box: The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework—Strengths and Weaknesses, Seeks to understand changing combinations of modes of livelihood in a dynamic and historical context, Underplays elements of the vulnerability context, such as macroeconomic trends and conflict, Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro- and microlinkages, Assumes that capital assets can be expanded in generalized and incremental fashion, Acknowledges the need to move beyond narrow sectoral perspectives and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors, Does not pay enough attention to inequalities of power, Calls for investigation of the relationships between different activities that constitute livelihoods and draws attention to social relations, Underplays the fact that enhancing the livelihoods of one group can undermine those of another. This framework provides guiding action to address and overcome poverty to become self-reliant, placing the … Indeed, it is because the poor lack it that the other types of capital are so important to them.

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