What is important in these six decades since I first enjoyed Simchat Torah is that the wonderful ruach-spirit of the holiday has returned to Jews in the USA and everywhere. Although Sukkot itself is celebrated from the 15 th of Tishrei until the 21 st of Tishrei, on the 22 nd of the month, we celebrate the holiday known as Shemini Atzeret. In the Talmud (Meg. Although each hakafa need only encompass one circuit around the synagogue, the dancing and singing with the Torah often continues much longer, and may overflow from the synagogue onto the streets. In Orthodox and Conservative communities outside Israel, Shemini Atzeret is a two-day holiday and the Simchat Torah festivities are observed on the second day. It is a Jewish custom that a new beginning must immediately follow a completion, therefore it is logical to immediately read Gen. 1 after finishing Deuteronomy. It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the month of Tishrei. When is Simchat Torah? In the 20th century, Simhat Torah came to symbolize the public assertion of Jewish identity. When the ark is opened to take out the Torah for the Torah reading, all the scrolls are again removed from the ark and the congregation again starts the seven hakafot just like in the evening. On the Hebrew calendar, the seven-day holiday of Sukkot in the autumn (late mid-September to late mid-October) is immediately followed by the holiday of Shemini Atzeret. The part read is usually 33:1–34:12, but may vary by synagogue custom, although Deuteronomy is never read to the end in the evening. During the morning service, the last portion of Deuteronomy is read, and in the evening, the new cycle of yearly Torah readings begins with the first portion of Genesis. Den Vorleser des letzten Tora-Teils nennt man Chatan Tora, das heißt Bräutigam der Tora. The occasion centers around the conclusion of the annual cycle of weekly Torah readings, and the beginning of the next cycle. WHAT IS SIMCHAT TORAH. In Orthodox as well as many Conservative congregations, this is the only time of year on which the Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark and read at night. Conclusion of the annual Torah reading cycle. 2. Simchat Torah falls at the end of Sukkot. This is thought as an act of submission to the will of God as expressed in the dictates of the Torah. Like Easter, it's a movable feast - which is observed on the 22nd-23rd day of Tishrei. In many congregations it is customary to call all eligible members of the congregation for an aliyah to the Torah on Simhat Torah. Outside of Israel, Simchat Torah is celebrated on the following day. Simchat Torah is generally celebrated on the same day as Shemini Atzeret in Israel and among Reform Jewish groups. Reform congregations, even outside Israel, may do likewise. Simchat Torah or Simhat Torah (Hebrew: שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה‎, lit., "Rejoicing with/of the Torah", Ashkenazi: Simchas Torah) is a Jewish holiday that celebrates and marks the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings, and the beginning of a new cycle. The name "Shmini Atzeret" refers to the eighth day, or the extra day, that brings the seven-day Sukkot period to its state of perfection. The Darchei Moshe (OC 669:3) cites a responsum from R' Joseph Colon (#26) who found a Geonic responsa mentioning the custom of dancing on Simhat Torah, thus dating the current practice of dancing on Simhat Torah to the 1st century CE. In Israel and among Diaspora communities that only celebrate one day of holidays, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are celebrated as a combined festival. In the morning, the last parashah of Deuteronomy and the first parashah of Genesis are read in the synagogue. [7] Dancing in the street with the Torah has become part of the holiday's ritual in various Jewish congregations in the United States as well. 31b) it is called Shemini Atzeret. . In the 16th century, the practice of taking out the scrolls and filing solemnly around the bimah on the night of the 23rd of Tishri became customary; and on the same evening, after the procession, a number of passages from the Torah were read. Outside Israel, Simchat Torah is celebrated on the second day of the holiday. In the 17th century, Rebecca bat Meir Tiktiner of Prague composed a poem about Simhat Torah. The first day is referred to as "Shemini Atzeret" and the second day as "Simchat Torah", although both days are officially Shemini Atzeret according to Halakha, and this is reflected in the liturgy. In Orthodox and Conservative Jewish synagogues, each circuit is announced by a few melodious invocations imploring God to Hoshiah Na ("Save us") and ending with the refrain, Aneinu B'yom Koreinu ("[God] answer us on the day we call"). The holiday is best known for the celebration of Simchat Torah (שִׂמְחֵת תּוֹרָה), "Rejoicing of the Torah", when Jews finish the annual cycle of reading the whole Torah out loud in synagogue. The haftarah (reading from the prophets) is the first section of the Book of Joshua. Outside of Israel, it is celebrated on the 23rd day of Tishrei. Many communities in Israel have Hakafot Shniyot ("Second Hakafot") on the evening following the holiday, which is the same day as Simchat Torah evening in the diaspora. Simchat Torah means "Rejoicing in the Torah." To accommodate this the first five aliyot are reread so that everyone has an opportunity to recite the blessing. The last parashah of the Torah, V'Zot HaBerachah, at the end of Deuteronomy (33:1–34:12), is read from the first scroll, followed immediately by the first chapter (and part of the second) of the Book of Genesis (1:1–2:3), which is read from the second scroll. An Simchat Tora werden das Ende und auch gleich wieder der Anfang der Tora vorgelesen. Others hold a series of separate minyanim for the Torah reading. The first day is referred to as "Shemini Atzeret" and the second day as "Simchat Torah", although both days are officially Shemini Atzeret according to Halakha, and this is refle… The morning service, like that of other Jewish holidays, includes a special holiday Amidah, the saying of Hallel, and a holiday Mussaf service. Der Feiertag fällt auf das Ende des Sukkot-Festes. Simchat Torah is actually the second day of the Sh’mini Atzeret festival and is a Yom Tov. By the end of the 15th century, it was a common though not universal practice for the children to tear down and burn the sukkahs on Simhat Torah.[4]. Literally translated as “Joy of the Torah,” Simchat Torah is a day to rejoice and celebrate the Torah, which is the central body of Jewish Holy Scripture. Likewise, it is a special honor to receive the first aliyah of the Book of Genesis; that person is called Hatan B'reishit (the groom of Genesis) (or Kallat B'reishit (the bride of Genesis)). People who made these donations were called up to the Torah and given a congregational blessing. Congregations may also sing other, popular songs during the dancing. It is an important day for agricultural purposes. There is also a special aliyah for all the children. Simchat Torah markiert Ende und Anfang des jährlichen Tora-Zyklus. It is a special honor to receive the last aliyah of the Book of Deuteronomy; the person receiving that aliyah is called the Hatan Torah (the groom of the Torah) (or Kallat Torah (the bride of the Torah) in synagogues that allow women to receive an aliyah). For Christians, this celebration is a wonderful opportunity to recommit ourselves to God and His eternal Word. Read about Simchat Torah around the world in 2020. These two occasions are also observed as two separate days among many Jewish com… 1 and working our way around to Deuteronomy 34. Simchat Torah is a day-long festival. It is a joyous time to celebrate the end and the beginning. In some congregations, the Torah scrolls are carried out into the streets and the dancing may continue far into the evening. During this time, rabbis ceremoniously remove the Torah scrolls from their ark, carry them through the congregation, and read specific passages to close out the old cycle and welcome the new. All Rights Reserved. Outside Israel, Simchat Torah is actually the second day of a longer holiday. SHEMINI ATZERET . [2] In some congregations, the Kohanim deliver their blessing as usual during the Musaf service of Simhat Torah. In many congregations, one deviation from an otherwise ordinary holiday morning service is the performance of the Priestly Blessing as part of the Shacharit service, before the celebrations connected with the Torah reading begin, rather than as part of the Musaf service that follows. Simchat Torah is a Jewish holiday that celebrates the end of the annual cycle of Torah readings, and marks the beginning of a new annual cycle. The highlight of the second day, Simchat Torah (“The Joy of the Torah”), is the hakafot, held on both the eve and the morning of Simchat Torah, in which we march and dance with the Torah scrolls around the reading table in the synagogue. the synagogue used this occasion as a fund-raiser. Each week in synagogue we publicly read a few chapters from the Torah, starting with Genesis Ch. In Orthodox synagogues, the dancing is mainly carried out by men and boys; children (even young girls) may also dance with their fathers. Simchat Torah: An extremely joyous one-day autumn festival following the holiday of Sukkot. That is why each year, it seems like Sukkot concludes in a dizzying, indistinguishable blur of festivities. Those Jews who, in the course of their journey to the end of hope, managed to dance on Simhat Torah, those Jews who studied Talmud by heart while carrying stones on their back, those Jews who went on whispering Zemirot shel Shabbat (Hymns of Sabbath) while performing hard labor . Children are often given flags, candies and other treats. In Israel, Shemini Atzeret is celebrated concurrently with Simchat Torah. On October 14, 1973, more than 100,000 Jews took part in a post–Simhat Torah rally in New York city on behalf of refuseniks and Soviet Jewry. Only during the war did I understand. In Orthodox and Conservative communities outside Israel, Shemini Atzeret is a two-day holiday and the Simchat Torah festivities are observed on the second day. How is Simchat Torah celebrated? Simchat Torah celebrates and marks the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings, as well as the beginning of a new cycle. In Chabad Hasidic thought, the traditional dancing with the Torah allows the Jew to act as the "feet" of the Torah, taking the Torah where it wishes to go, as feet transport the head. Simchat Torah, which comes at the end of Sukkot and is technically its eighth day, marks the end of the yearly cycle of Torah reading, and beginning of a new one. 3. Simchat Torah is celebrated after the ending of one cycle and beginning... three hasidic jews - simchat torah stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Torah at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy, 1850. Every Sabbath we read a portion of the Torah. Today, the Jewish holiday of Simchat Torah is drawing to a close. The morning service is also uniquely characterized by the calling up of each member of the congregation for an aliyah. What is Simchat Torah? Since the Bible prohibits Kohanim (descendants of Aaron) from performing the priestly blessing while intoxicated, and there is concern that Kohanim may imbibe alcoholic beverages during the Simhat Torah festivities, the blessing was moved to before the time when alcohol would be served. For each of the Hakafot a single member of the community held the Torah and circled the Teba, while the rest of the congregants singed songs in Hebrew and Ladino in honor of the Tora, from their seats, looking at the Tora with admiration and affection and kissing it from afar. On the first evening of Simchat Torah, Jews take all the Torah scrolls out of the ark in their synagogue. [9], OC אורח חיים תרסט see Mishnah Berurah volume 6 page 272, Maharil, cited in OC Darchei Moshe 669:3), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Video: Second Round – Post Sukkot Hakafot in Urban Israel", Day to Mark the Departure and Expulsion of Jews from the Arab Countries and Iran, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Simchat_Torah&oldid=998781011, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2017, Articles with disputed statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Translation: "Rejoicing with/of the Torah", The culmination of Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret. The custom was started by the former Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv, Rabbi Yedidya Frankel.[1]. After the hakafot and the dancing, three scrolls of the Torah are read. It is an act that causes the Jew to inherently and naturally observe the Jewish faith. Auf diese Weise hat die Toralesung niemals ein Ende. Although the blessing of the children is omitted from the 1985 edition of Conservative Judaism's Siddur Sim Shalom prayer book, it was reinstated in later versions. Though it is a component of Sukkot, people are no longer obligated to eat and sleep in the sukkah, and in fact it is forbidden to do so. Simchat Torah is celebrated by taking all the Torah scrolls out of the ark in synagogue and spending the evening dancing, singing, and rejoicing. Simchat Torah, the day after Sukkot is the celebration of the conclusion of the annual cycle of torah readings at which point we immediately start the cycle again with the reading of Bereshis, Genesis.. Get all our Simchat Torah recipe ideas here. Simchat Torah is directly related to another holiday . Women and older girls often have their own dancing circles sometimes with the Torah scrolls, or look on from the other side of a mechitza (partition), in accordance with the value of tzniut (modesty). Simchat Torah is a component of the Biblical Jewish holiday of Shemini Atzeret ("Eighth Day of Assembly"), which follows immediately after the festival of Sukkot in the month of Tishrei (occurring in mid-September to early October on the Gregorian calendar). The main celebrations of Simchat Torah take place in the synagogue during evening and morning services. To save time, some congregations call people up in groups. In Israel, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are celebrated on the same day. Simchat Torah means “rejoicing with the Torah,” and outside of Israel, it is celebrated the day after Shemini Atzeret. Elie Wiesel related the difficulties and meaning of Simhat Torah in times of terrible adversity: The Gaon of Vilna said that ve-samachta be-chagekha (You shall rejoice in your festival; Deuteronomy 16:14) is the most difficult commandment in the Torah. In the 14th century, the reading of Genesis was added immediately upon the completion of Deuteronomy and the Shulhan Arukh (written about 1565)[3] only mentions this without mentioning the presumably later custom of southern European countries to remove all the Torah scrolls from the ark and to sing a separate hymn for each one. Das Lesen der Tora am Festtag Simchat Tora ist eine sehr große Ehre. God loves us so much He gave us His Word! This holiday marks the completion of the annual cycle of weekly Torah readings. Learn all about the holiday below. It is the day of the year that the Torah readings from the scroll are complete and the scroll is then re-rolled to begin again. I could never understand this puzzling remark. In Conservative and progressive congregations, men and women dance together. Most Conservative congregations still perform it. This Crash Course in Jewish Holidays presents them as two separate days. After the hakafot, many congregations recite a portion of the last parashah of the Torah, V'Zot HaBerachah ("This is the Blessing ...") in Deuteronomy. In Israel, Simchat Torah is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei, directly after Sukkot. Traditionally, Simchat Torah is celebrated immediately after Sukkot. On Simchat Torah, Jewish communities celebrate the gift of the Torah and its role in religious life with joyful acknowledgement and meaningful rituals. On each occasion, when the ark is opened, the worshippers leave their seats to dance and sing with the Torah scrolls in a joyous celebration that can last for several hours. Most people outside Israel use the name Shemini Atzeret for the first day only. This practice hearkens back to an old custom for the kiddush sponsored by the Hatan Torah (see below) to be held during the Simhat Torah service itself where hard liquor (along with other refreshments) may be served. 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